Lower-Income Countries Fire a Broadside at Tax-Avoidance “Piracy”

Swashbuckling volunteers are helping poorer countries fend off threats to their national treasuries from aggressive corporate tax planning. Although income inequality is very real for many small island nations and other developing economies around the globe, there is an existing perception that profit shifting alone is compounding their revenue shortfalls. However, there are also other significant factors attributing to this condition.

In Jamaica, for example, some international firms “find ways to shelter profits using the British Virgin Islands and other nearby tax havens,” according to a recent article in The Economist. The country’s national tax authority, Tax Administration Jamaica (TAJ), has turned to the unpaid volunteer auditors of Tax Inspectors Without Borders (TIWB), a joint initiative of the OECD and the United Nations Development Program, to address the issue. Although country size has nothing to with this, we should bear in mind that many of these same Caribbean nations until very recently were once tax havens themselves, also known as a “fiscal paradise.” Now, in order to deal with the complex rules of the OECD’s Inclusive Framework on Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) initiative and retain some of these profits, they desperately need the help of global tax experts.

Training from the TIWB experts has helped the administration’s auditors learn and apply complex cross-border transfer pricing rules.

Jamaica is not the only country seeking assistance. Since 2015, TIWB has answered 52 calls for help in Africa, Asia, Latin America, the Caribbean and eastern Europe. The OECD estimates that treasuries worldwide lose between $100 billion and $240 billion a year to corporate tax avoidance, and an International Monetary Fund (IMF) study puts the total even higher, at more than $600 billion.

While the article has fun with the notion of corporate tax-avoidance “piracy,” “reclaiming the plunder” and so on, it carefully explains the Jamaican initiative within the context of the OECD’s BEPS, noting the OECD has “floated the idea of ‘reconsidering’ transfer-pricing rules.” That’s an important shift, according to Alex Cobham of the Tax Justice Network, quoted in the article: “We’re closer now than ever before to the kind of open, global discussion of tax rules that could finally redress some of the glaring inequalities in the distribution of taxing rights that lower-income countries face.”

Please remember that the Tax Matters provides information for educational purposes, not specific tax or legal advice. Always consult a qualified tax or legal advisor before taking any action based on this information.


About this Contributor

George L. Salis Headshot
George L. Salis
Principal Economist and Tax Policy Advisor

George L. Salis is Principle Economist and Tax Policy Advisor and is also an economist, lawyer and tax professional with 23+ years of experience in international taxation and trade compliance, tax planning and controversy, fiscal regulation and tax economics consulting. George holds a BSc in economics and political science, an LLB, an M.A. in legal and ethical studies and an LLM in international tax law. A certified business economist, he also holds a PhD in international law and economic policy.

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