More States are Going Retro Post-Wayfair

Similar to California, South Carolina and Louisiana are going retro by attempting to collect sales tax from remote sellers – on transactions that predate the Supreme Court’s Wayfair decision.

These three states have launched discrete efforts to seek taxes “as far back as five years,” reports Multichannel Merchant’s Douglas Clement. “South Carolina is targeting Amazon’s third-party remote sellers, and Louisiana is doing the same with Walmart.” Legal challenges already are underway in both states. Earlier this month, South Carolina’s Appellate Courts granted Amazon a second extension to file an initial brief in the case.

There’s a lot at stake in these court cases at a time when the Wayfair decision and the numerous state sales tax rules changes appear to be hurting remote sellers. Clement points to a recent American Catalog Merchants Association in which 56 percent of merchants indicated that their sales have dropped as a direct result of the Wayfair decision.

Clement also cites Vertex Chief Tax Officer Michael Bernard, who stresses that the states’ amicus brief filed during the Wayfair case asserted that new taxes applied to remote sellers’ online transactions would only be applied prospectively, not retroactively.

Michael also questions the agency and bailment legal theories that states are using to support their moves to retroactive collection. “If you have a bailment or you’re an agent for somebody, you have a responsibility for collecting taxes,” he explains. But South Carolina and Louisiana are claiming, he continues, that Amazon and Walmart “are agents of these people and under our collection laws you should have been collecting taxes.” 

If these arguments prevail in court, the stakes could be extremely high for small sellers on those online marketplaces if they ultimately are held responsible for three to five years of uncollected sales taxes.

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Tricia Schafer-Petrecz

Public Relations and Social Media Lead

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Tricia Schafer-Petrecz manages Vertex's public relations and social media functions. Tricia has over 20 years of experience managing public relations, corporate communications and generating thought leadership for the financial services and technology industries. Tricia has a B.A. in english, a B.A. in communications and a Master's degree in Communications from La Salle University.

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