Key takeaways from Brazil's monumental tax reform

Tax Automation Technology for Brazil

Brazil's Senate has recently approved a groundbreaking reform on consumption tax, a move that has been making headlines both locally and internationally. This reform aims to simplify and modernize the country's tax system, which has been known for its complexity and high compliance costs. The approval received a majority vote in favor of the reform. 

This tax development is particularly relevant for businesses because Brazil is the ninth-largest economy in the world and a key player in international trade. The country's complex tax system has long been considered a barrier to foreign investment and business growth.

Brazil's tax reform signifies a notable shift in the country's financial regulations as it presents a restructured taxation system, seeking to streamline business operations, promote corporate transparency, and foster economic growth. For businesses operating across international boundaries, understanding the nuances of this reform is crucial to maintain compliance and optimize fiscal strategies.

While there are still steps to be taken before the approved proposal is enacted into law and implemented, here are some important details: 

  • This proposal has been under discussion for 30 years.
  • The reform would replace the five current indirect taxes with an international dual VAT system with distinct federal and regional rates, to be determined later through complementary laws.
  • The reform shifts the tax base from the point of production to the point of consumption.
  • The Senate has drafted text which would amend the constitution. This is expected to be reviewed and approved again in the Lower House by the end of November 2023.
  • Should a qualified majority of the Lower House approve the bill, the reform text must be examined and sanctioned by the current Republic President.
  • If approved, implementation will require a considerable transitional phase which will start in 2026 and finish in 2032. Brazilian taxpayers will need to observe the three new VAT taxes in parallel with the current five. 

This tax reform brings about significant changes, impacting businesses in various ways. It presents both challenges and opportunities for organizations to navigate. It will be crucial for businesses to adapt to the new landscape and seize the potential advantages that arise. Staying informed, updated, and prepared for the implementation process will be crucial for tax leaders and businesses to thrive in this evolving environment. So, stay tuned, stay proactive, and embrace the potential opportunities that may arise from this reform.


Please remember that the Tax Matters provides information for educational purposes, not specific tax or legal advice. Always consult a qualified tax or legal advisor before taking any action based on this information. The views and opinions expressed in Tax Matters are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official policy, position, or opinion of Vertex Inc.

Blog Author

Industry Influencer Ana Maciel

Ana Maciel

Senior Manager, Tax Research

See All Resources by Ana

Ana Maciel is a senior tax research manager responsible for new tax content that supports the Vertex Indirect Tax O Series solution in Brazil. Based in São Paulo, she has more than 24 years of experience in Brazilian indirect tax and has worked at Vertex for over 11 years. Previously, she worked as a tax advisor to multinational companies in Big 4 accounting firms. Ana holds a B.S. in law and a B.S. in business administration, as well as a post-graduate degree in international trade from Universidade Paulista.

Four steps to minimise the risk of VAT non-compliance penalties

Are you concerned about the ever-changing landscape of VAT regulations? Worried about the potential VAT non-compliance penalties?

View Infographic
Four people in business-casual attire are an office space, which has big sunny windows. The woman seated closest to the camera is referencing and reaching for a computer in front of her. She is smiling with the three people, slightly out of focus behind her, who are all taking a look at the work in front of her.